Reading Standards for First Grade
RL.1.1 Asks and answers questions about key details in a text
RL.1.2 Retells stories with key details and understands the central message or lesson
RL.1.3 Uses and describes pictures and details to describe characters, settings, and/or events in a narrative
RI 1.2 Identifies main topic or central message and retell key details in a text
RI 1.4 Ask and answer questions to gain meaning of words and phrases in a text
RI 1.5 Know and uses text features (headings, bold words, pictures) to locate key information
RI 1.9 Identifies basic similarities and differences between two texts
RL 1. 5 Know and use text features
RF.1.4.b Knows and applies appropriate grade level phonics and word attack skills in decoding words
RF.1.4g Recognize and read sight/high frequency words without hesitation (193 words)
L.1.2k Applies spelling rules using patterns, word families, & frequently used words
L.1.2h Uses correct letter formation and spacing
L.1.1h Writes various sentences using details.
L.1.2.c Uses correct punctuation and capitalization
W 1.1 Write opinion on topic or book: state an opinion, supply a reason for the opinion, and provide closure
W 1.2 write informative texts in which they name a topic, supply some facts and provide closure
W1.3 Write narratives which tell two or more appropriately sequenced events, including details, transition
words, and closure.
Math Standards for First Grade
NC.1.OA.1 Solve word problems by adding and subtracting within 20
NC.1.OA.3 Adds and subtracts within 20 using a variety of strategies
NC 1.OA.6b Adds and Subtracts Fluently within 20
NC1.OA.7 Understands and solves addition and subtraction equations
NC.1.NBT.1 Counts to 150, starting at any number less than 150
NC 1. NBT .2 Understands place value of tens and ones
NC.1.NBT.3 Compares 2 digit numbers using greater than, less than, and equal symbols
NC.1.NBT.4 Uses models or drawings to add within 100
NC.1.NBT.6 Adds and subtracts 10 and multiples of 10 when given a two digit number
NC.1.NBT.7 Reads, writes, and represents a number of objects with a written numeral to 100
NC.1.MD.2 Measures, orders, and indirectly compares objects by length (variety of units)
NC.1.MD.3 Tells and writes time by the hour and half hour using analog and digital clocks
NC.1.MD.6 Represents and interprets data
NC.1.MD.5 Identifies quarters, dimes, nickels, and relates their value to pennies
NC.1.G.1 Build, draw, and compose two and three dimensional shapes
NC.1.G.3a Recognizes, draws, composes, and compares wholes, halves, and quarters of rectangles and circles
Reading Standards for Second Grade
RL.2.1 Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
RL.2.2 Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral.
RL.2.3 Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges.
RL.2.4 Describe how words and phrases supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song.
RL.2.5 Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story, the events unfold in the middle, and the ending concludes the action.
RL.2.6 Distinguish differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.
RL.2.7 Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot.
RL.2.9 Compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story by different authors or from different cultures.
RL.2.10 By the end of grade 2, read and understand literature within the 2-3 text complexity band proficiently and independently for sustained periods of time. Connect prior knowledge and experiences to text.
RI.2.1 Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
RI.2.2 Identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.
RI.2.3 Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text
RI.2.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.
RI.2.5 Know and use various text features to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.
RI.2.6 Identify the author’s main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.
RI.2.7 Explain how specific images contribute to and clarify a text.
RI.2.8 Identify the reasons an author gives to support ideas in a text.
RI.2.9 Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic.
RF.2.4 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. a. Distinguish long and short vowels when reading regularly spelled one-syllable words. b. Know spelling-sound correspondences for additional common vowel teams. c. Decode regularly spelled two-syllable words with long vowels. d. Decode words with common prefixes and suffixes. e. Identify words with inconsistent but common spelling-sound correspondences. f. Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.
RF.2.5 Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. a. Read on-level text with purpose and understanding. b. Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings. c. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.
W.2.1 Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply reasons that support the opinion, use linking words to connect opinion and reasons, and provide a concluding statement or section. a. With guidance and support from adults, organize information and ideas around a topic to plan and prepare to write. b. With guidance and support from adults and peers, focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing.
W.2.2 Write informative /explanatory texts in which they introduce a topic, use facts and definitions to develop points, and provide a concluding statement or section. a. With guidance and support from adults, organize information and ideas around a topic to plan and prepare to write. b. With guidance and support from adults and peers, focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing.
W.2.3 Write narratives in which they recount a well-elaborated event or short sequence of events, include details to describe actions, thoughts, and feelings, use temporal transition words to signal event order, and provide a sense of closure. a. With guidance and support from adults, organize information and ideas around a topic to plan and prepare to write. b. With guidance and support from adults and peers, focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing.
W.2.4 With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools and resources to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers. Research
W.2.5 Participate in shared research and writing projects. W.2.6 Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.
Math 2nd Grade Standards
NC.2.OA.1 Represent and solve addition and subtraction word problems, within 100, with unknowns in all positions, by using representations and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem, when solving: • One-Step problems: – Add to/Take from–Start Unknown – Compare–Bigger Unknown – Compare–Smaller Unknown • Two-Step problems involving single digits: – Add to/Take from–Change Unknown – Add to/Take from–Result Unknown Add and subtract within 20.
NC.2.OA.2 Demonstrate fluency with addition and subtraction, within 20, using mental strategies. Work with equal groups.
NC.2.OA.3 Determine whether a group of objects, within 20, has an odd or even number of members by: • Pairing objects, then counting them by 2s. • Determining whether objects can be placed into two equal groups. • Writing an equation to express an even number as a sum of two equal addends.
NC.2.OA.4 Use addition to find the total number of objects arranged in rectangular arrays with up to 5 rows and up to 5 columns; write an equation to express the total as a sum of equal addends.
NC.2.NBT.1 Understand that the three digits of a three-digit number represent amounts of hundreds, tens, and ones. • Unitize by making a hundred from a collection of ten tens.
NC.2.NBT.2 Count within 1,000; skip-count by 5s, 10s, and 100s.
.NBT.3 Read and write numbers, within 1,000, using base-ten numerals, number names, and expanded form.
NC.2.NBT.4 Compare two three-digit numbers based on the value of the hundreds, tens, and ones digits, using >, =, and < symbols to record the results of comparisons. Use place value understanding and properties of operations.
NC.2.NBT.5 Demonstrate fluency with addition and subtraction, within 100, by: • Flexibly using strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction. • Comparing addition and subtraction strategies, and explaining why they work. • Selecting an appropriate strategy in order to efficiently compute sums and differences.
NC.2.NBT.6 Add up to three two-digit numbers using strategies based on place value and properties of operations. NC.2.NBT.7 Add and subtract, within 1,000, relating the strategy to a written method, using: • Concrete models or drawings • Strategies based on place value • Properties of operations • Relationship between addition and subtraction
NC.2.NBT.8 Mentally add 10 or 100 to a given number 100–900, and mentally subtract 10 or 100 from a given number 100–900.
NC.2.MD.1 Measure the length of an object in standard units by selecting and using appropriate tools such as rulers, yardsticks, meter sticks, and measuring tapes.
NC.2.MD.2 Measure the length of an object twice, using length units of different lengths for the two measurements; describe how the two measurements relate to the size of the unit chosen.
NC.2.MD.3 Estimate lengths in using standard units of inches, feet, yards, centimeters, and meters.
NC.2.MD.4 Measure to determine how much longer one object is than another, expressing the length difference in terms of a standard length unit. Relate addition and subtraction to length.
NC.2.MD.5 Use addition and subtraction, within 100, to solve word problems involving lengths that are given in the same units, using equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.
NC.2.MD.6 Represent whole numbers as lengths from 0 on a number line diagram with equally spaced points and represent whole-number sums and differences, within 100, on a number line.
NC.2.MD.7 Tell and write time from analog and digital clocks to the nearest five minutes, using a.m. and p.m.
NC.2.MD.8 Solve word problems involving: • Quarters, dimes, nickels, and pennies within 99¢, using ¢ symbols appropriately. • Whole dollar amounts, using the $ symbol appropriately.
NC.2.MD.10 Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to four categories. • Draw a picture graph and a bar graph with a single-unit scale to represent a data set. • Solve simple put-together, take-apart, and compare problems using information presented in a picture and a bar graph.
NC.2.G.1 Recognize and draw triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, and hexagons, having specified attributes; recognize and describe attributes of rectangular prisms and cubes.
NC.2.G.3 Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares. • Describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, fourths, fourth of, quarter of. • Describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, four fourths. • Explain that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape